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商务英语必备词汇,值得收藏!

1 1140 分享 来源:必克英语 2021-07-02

economist 经济学家

socialist economy 社会主义经济

capitalist economy 资本主义经济

collective economy 集体经济

planned economy 计划经济

controlled economy 管制经济

rural economics 农村经济

liberal economy 经济

mixed economy 混合经济

political economy 政治经济学

protectionism 保护主义

autarchy 闭关自守

primary sector 初级成分

private sector 私营成分,私营部门

public sector 公共部门,公共成分

economic channels 经济渠道

economic balance 经济平衡

economic fluctuation 经济波动

economic depression 经济衰退

economic stability 经济稳定

economic policy 经济政策

economic recovery 经济复原

understanding 约定

concentration 集中

holding company 控股公司

trust 托拉斯

cartel 卡特尔

rate of growth 增长

economic trend 经济趋势

economic situation 经济形势

infrastructure 基本建设

standard of living 生活标准,生活水平

purchasing power, buying power 购买力

scarcity 短缺

stagnation 停滞,萧条,不景气

underdevelopment 不发达

underdeveloped 不发达的

developing 发展中的

initial capital 创办资本

frozen capital 冻结资金

frozen assets 冻结资产

fixed assets 固定资产

real estate 不动产,房地产

circulating capital, working capital 流动资本

available capital 可用资产

capital goods 资本货物

reserve 准备金,储备金

calling up of capital 催缴资本

allocation of funds 资金分配

contribution of funds 资金捐献

working capital fund 周转基金

revolving fund 循环基金,周转性基金

contingency fund 意外开支,准备金

reserve fund 准备金

buffer fund 缓冲基金,平准基金

sinking fund 偿债基金

investment 投资,资产

investor 投资人

self-financing 自筹经费,经费自给

bank 银行

current account 经常帐户

(美作:checking account)

current-account holder 支票帐户

(美作:checking-account holder)

cheque 支票 (美作:check)

bearer cheque, cheque payable to bearer 无记名支票,来人支票

crossed cheque 划线支票

traveller's cheque 旅行支票

chequebook 支票簿,支票本 (美作:checkbook)

endorsement 背书

transfer 转让,转帐,过户

money 货币

issue 发行

ready money 现钱

cash 现金

ready money business, no credit given 现金交易,概不赊欠

change 零钱

banknote, note 钞票,纸币 (美作:bill)

to pay (in) cash 付现金

domestic currency, local currency] 本国货币

convertibility 可兑换性

convertible currencies 可兑换货币

exchange rate 汇率,兑换率

foreign exchange 外汇

floating exchange rate 浮动汇率

free exchange rates 汇兑市场

foreign exchange certificate 外汇兑换券

hard currency 硬通货

speculation 投机

saving 储装,存款

depreciation 减价,贬值

devaluation (货币)贬值

revaluation 重估价

runaway inflation 无法控制的通货膨胀

deflation 通货紧缩

capital flight 资本外逃

securities business 证券市场

stock exchange 贡市场

stock exchange corporation 证券交易所

stock exchange 证券交易所,贡交易所

quotation 报价,牌价

share 股份,贡

shareholder, stockholder 贡持有人,股东

dividend 股息,红利

cash dividend 现金配股

stock investment 贡投资

investment trust 投资信托

stock-jobber 贡经纪人

stock company, stock brokerage firm 证券公司

securities 有价证券

share, common stock 普通股

preference stock 优先股

income gain 股利收入

issue 发行贡

par value 股面价格, 票面价格

bull 买手, 多头

bear 卖手, 空头

assigned 过户

opening price 开盘

closing price 收盘

hard times 低潮

business recession 景气衰退

doldrums 景气停滞

dull 盘整

ease 松弛

raising limit 涨停板

break 暴跌

bond, debenture 债券

Wall Street 华尔街

short term loan 短期贷款

long term loan 长期贷款

medium term loan 中期贷款

lender 债权人

creditor 债权人

debtor 债务人,借方

borrower 借方,借款人

borrowing 借款

interest 利息

rate of interest 利率

discount 贴现,折扣

rediscount 再贴现

annuity 年金

maturity 到期日,偿还日

amortization 摊销,摊还,分期偿付

redemption 偿还

insurance 保险

mortgage 抵押

allotment 拨款

short term credit 短期信贷

consolidated debt 合并债务

funded debt 固定债务,长期债务

floating debt 流动债务

drawing 提款,提存

aid 援助

allowance, grant, subsidy 补贴,补助金,津贴

short term loan 短期贷款

long term loan 长期贷款

medium term loan 中期贷款

lender 债权人

creditor 债权人

debtor 债务人,借方

borrower 借方,借款人

borrowing 借款

interest 利息

rate of interest 利率

discount 贴现,折扣

rediscount 再贴现

annuity 年金

maturity 到期日,偿还日

amortization 摊销,摊还,分期偿付

redemption 偿还

insurance 保险

mortgage 抵押

allotment 拨款

short term credit 短期信贷

consolidated debt 合并债务

funded debt 固定债务,长期债务

floating debt 流动债务

drawing 提款,提存

aid 援助

allowance, grant, subsidy 补贴,补助金,津贴

cost 成本,费用

expenditure, outgoings 开支,支出

fixed costs 固定成本

overhead costs 营业间接成本

overheads 杂项开支,间接成本

operating costs 生产费用,营业成本

operating expenses 营业费用

running expenses 日常费用,经营费用

miscellaneous costs 杂项费用

overhead expenses 间接费用,管理费用

upkeep costs, maintenance costs 维修费用,养护费用

transport costs 运输费用

social charges 社会负担费用

contingent expenses, contingencies 或有费用

apportionment of expenses 分摊费用

income 收入,收益

earnings 利润,收益

gross income, gross earnings 总收入,总收益

gross profit, gross benefit 毛利,总利润,利益毛额

net income 纯收益,净收入,收益净额

average income 平均收入

national income 国收入

profitability, profit earning capacity 利润率,赢利率

yield 产量收益,收益率

increase in value, appreciation 增值,升值

duty 税

taxation system 税制

taxation 征税,纳税

fiscal charges 财务税收

progressive taxation 累进税制

graduated tax 累进税

value added tax 增值税

income tax 所得税

land tax 地租,地价税

excise tax 特许权税

basis of assessment 估税标准

taxable income 须纳税的收入

fiscality 检查

tax-free 免税的

tax exemption 免税

taxpayer 纳税人

tax collector 收税员

China Council for the Promotion of International Trade, C.C.P.I.T. 中国国际贸易促进委员会

National Council for US-China Trade 美中贸易全国理事会

Japan-China Economic Association 日中经济协会

Association for the Promotion of International Trade,Japan 日本国际贸易促进会

British Council for the Promotion of International Trade 英国国际贸易促进委员会

International Chamber of Commerce 国际商会

International Union of Marine Insurance 国际海洋运输保险协会

International Alumina Association 国际铝矾土协会

Universal Postal Union, UPU 万国邮政联盟

Customs Co-operation Council, CCC 关税合作理事会

United Nations Trade and Development Board 联合国贸易与发展理事会

Organization for Economic cooperation and Development, DECD 经济合作与开发组织

European Economic Community, EEC, European Common Market 欧洲经济共同体

European Free Trade Association, EFTA 欧洲贸易联盟

European Free Trade Area, EFTA 欧洲贸易区

Council for Mutual Economic Aid, CMEA 经济互助委员会

Eurogroup 欧洲集团

Group of Ten 十国集团

Committee of Twenty(Paris Club) 二十国委员会

Coordinating Committee, COCOM 巴黎统筹委员会

Caribbean Common Market, CCM, Caribbean Free-Trade Association, CARIFTA 加勒比共同市场(加勒比贸易同盟)

Andeans Common Market, ACM, Andeans Treaty Organization, ATO 安第斯共同市场

Latin American Free Trade Association, LAFTA 拉丁美洲贸易联盟

Central American Common Market, CACM 中美洲共同市场

African and Malagasy Common Organization, OCAM 非洲与马尔加什共同组织

East African Common Market, EACM 东非共同市场

Central African Customs and Economic Union, CEUCA 中非关税经济同盟

West African Economic Community, WAEC 西非经济共同体

Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, OPEC 石油输出国组织

Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries, OAPEC 阿拉伯石油输出国组织

Commonwealth Preference Area 英联邦特惠区

Centre National du Commerce Exterieur, National Center of External Trade 法国对外贸易中心

People's Bank of China 中国人银行

Bank of China 中国银行

International Bank for Reconstruction and development, IBRD 国际复兴开发银行

World Bank 世界银行

International Development association, IDA 国际开发协会

International Monetary Found Agreement 国际货币基金协定

International Monetary Found, IMF 国际货币基金组织

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